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What is CBD?
CBD is an abbreviation for “cannabidiol” – a component found in cannabis, that has no psychoactive effects (no marijuana ‘high’ because it is NOT marijuana). CBD has been shown to have properties, when ingested or applied topically, that may benefit your health. CBD is found in greater amounts in “hemp”, which is a type of cannabis, but not the psychoactive strain of plant often referred to as “marijuana”. Hemp is a strain of plant that grows much taller, and can be used for its fiber, oil, and its seeds. Because CBD can be found in greater amounts in hemp (versus other strains of cannabis), that is what is used for the CBD hemp oil.
How much should I take?
An effective dosage can range from as little as a few milligrams of CBD-enriched cannabis oil to a gram or more. Begin with a small dose of high CBD oil, especially if you have little or no experience with cannabis. Take a few small doses over the course of the day rather than one big dose. Use the same dose and ratio for several days. Observe the effects and if necessary adjust the ratio or amount.
CBD vs THC
The problem for many people who are advocating the use of CBD oil is that there is still the public perception that any cannabis-related product or chemical is being used to get the person high. However, that is far from true. CBD (a non-psychoactive) and THC (the chemical in cannabis that gets users high) are different in many ways, and CBD does NOT result in getting high.
CBD and THC interact with the human body in different ways. To find the difference, you have to look at cannabinoid receptor 1 (found primarily in the central nervous system), which is the receptor that THC interacts with after ingestion. CBD does not interact with this receptor in the same way as THC.
According to neurologist Dr. Ethan Russo, “[CBD] doesn’t tend to bind directly to what’s called the orthostatic site [on cannabinoid receptors] where THC binds. Rather, it binds on what’s called an allosteric site, another site on the receptor, and so it alters the binding of both THC and the endogenous cannabinoids, the endocannabinoids.” The result is that the two chemicals connect to receptors in different ways, which leads to the different effects.